Nevertheless, the new Treaty raises serious problems of interpretation, since it introduces exceptions to the ordinary procedure which benefit the Council. As regards the competition rules, Article 42(2) provides that `the Council, on a proposal from the Commission, may authorise the granting of aid: (a) for the protection of undertakings disadvantaged by structural or natural conditions; (b) within the framework of economic development programmes`. In addition, Article 43(3) provides that `the Council, on a proposal from the Commission, shall adopt measures fixing prices, levies, aid and quantitative restrictions`. In the absence of a clear delimitation of the legislative competences of the European Parliament and the Council in the field of agriculture, legal and political problems arose during the negotiations on the new CAP after 2013. The European Parliament has always rejected general implementation reservations in favour of the Council which could qualify, or even invalidate, the codecision powers conferred by the new Treaty, particularly in the context of fundamental reforms of the CAP, which include as key elements the setting of aid levels and prices. However, the Council has any restriction on the powers conferred by Article 43(3) under the new CMO (Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013, OJ L 347, 23.12.2013, p. 1. Oj L 347, 20.12.2013; Regulation (EU) No 1370/2013, OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 1.
Article 26 of Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013, OJ L 346, 20.12.2013). (2) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013]. Parliament was therefore forced to approve the exception in order to prevent the adoption of the 2013 reform from being blocked (resolution P7_TA (2013)0492 of 20 November 2013; OJ C 436, 24.11.2016, p. 274]. In addition, a final declaration by the Parliament, the Council and the Commission recognises that the agreement reached does not affect subsequent REFORMS of the CAP and does not exclude possible legal action. After 42 hours of negotiations, European Union (EU) countries have reached an agreement on the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) that will govern European agriculture between 2023 and 2027. The European Ministers of Agriculture gave the green light to the three regulations of this reform: that of the national strategic plans, that of the common market organisations and the regulation on the financing of aid. .