The study of the different forms and mechanisms of Arab cooperation to achieve economic integration is not a new undertaking, but an awareness of the arab nation`s concerns and problems and an attempt to find ways to promote its growth and integration. The first physical expression of this consciousness was the creation of the League of Arab States in 1945. Subsequently, this resulted in a series of bilateral and multilateral agreements and agreements, notably on the economic front, through the ratification in 1953 of the agreement to facilitate trade and the organization of transit exchanges between certain Arab countries, the 1957 Arab Economic Unity Agreement, the 1954 arab common market decision, the ratification of a trade facilitation and development agreement between Arab countries in 1958. – and the creation of three Arab economic cooperation councils between 1981 and 1989. Sixth, the results of the study show how Arab trade patterns have changed with the 1981 agreement to facilitate and promote intra-Arab trade and the creation of the GCC and ACM groups, which neither the Arab trade agreement nor the two federations have fostered rapid growth in domestic trade. For Arab countries, the product-by-product system set up for the liberalization of intra-Arab trade has not contributed to a rapid increase in Arab domestic trade. Elasticities were measured separately by the decline in the volume of intra-Arab trade, the change in the volume of external trade (non-Arab) and the change in the total volume of trade in real GDP growth per capita. In each of the three regression equations, a series of model variables was introduced to explain variations in elasticities after the application of preferential trade agreements. Table 11 shows the GCC estimates, which show that the share of internal trade in the overall GDP of GCC members increased by 0.57% between 1974 and 1981, compared with 0.36% between 1974 and 1981 at 0.93%. Thus, it appears that the growth of internal trade8 took place, albeit slowly, after the signing of the GCC Free Trade Agreement. However, the GCC`s foreign trade growth as a share of common GDP has been greater than that of domestic trade. It seems plausible that the increase in foreign trade is due to the weak trade barriers of GCC countries against non-members and the GCC`s limited industrial production base. Implementation of the GCC Free Trade Agreement has also taken longer to develop as a framework for production sharing and enhanced trade.
In addition, the GCC`s new industries, including petrochemicals, produce more than domestic markets can absorb. However, in the future, CCG producers could benefit from their larger markets based on the GCC`s market needs for a high per capita income. Finally, Table 12 shows that the increase in domestic trade as a share of the GDP of CMA members was insignificant after the creation of the CMA.