Unlike most other Canadian land claims, which apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations insisted that the agreements include all persons they considered to be part of their nation, whether or not they were recognized as Status Indians under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians created the Council for Yukon Indians (CYI) to negotiate a land claims agreement. The two organizations and the council officially merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Council of Yukon First Nations. Before Yukon First Nations regained self-government, the federal government regulated how they could use their lands. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed Yukon lands and resources as all in their possession.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of these lands. But all Yukon affairs were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (AAFC).  AACI was responsible for establishing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nations bands implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.  The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by Chief Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s and resulted in an agreement that was ultimately rejected.
Land claim agreements take place in areas of Canada where Aboriginal land rights have not been addressed by previous treaties or other legal means. In the Yukon, a number of modern, forward-looking treaties, also known as Final Agreements, have been negotiated to settle these land claims. The Final Framework Agreement (FMU) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. This is the general “framework agreement” for the Yukon Land Claims Program and provides for the general agreement reached by the three parties in a number of areas. Although the agreement is not a legal document, it is a “political” agreement between the three parties. The final Framework Agreement contains several main themes from which all the remaining topics flow. These include lands (cap. 9), compensation funds (chap. 19), self-government (chap. 24) and the establishment of bodies, committees and tribunals to ensure the joint management of a number of specific areas (specific chapters). Yukon land claims refer to the process of negotiating and settling Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government.
Based on historical occupation and use, First Nations claim fundamental rights to all lands. .